Jute, the golden fibre, meets all the standards for ̳safe‘ packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendly product. The principal varieties of jute in India are tossa (Corchorus Olitorious) and white jute (Corchorus Capsularis). Though jute plant is known principally for its versatile fibre, every part of the plant has its use. The tender leaves are cooked and consumed as vegetables. The leaves which fall off the plant enrich the soil, about 1 MT of dry matter is put back into the soil and about 3 MT of roots remain per acre of land. The stick which remains after jute fibre is extracted is used as a domestic fuel and also as a cheap building material. The plant itself has a very high carbon dioxide assimilation ability; in the 120 days of its growing period, an acre of jute absorbs about 6 MT of carbon dioxide form atmosphere and releases 4.4 MT of oxygen; several times higher than trees. Apart from the versatility of the jute plant, the plant compares very favourably in terms of its ecological footprint when compared with synthetic packaging materials.
RAW JUTE SCENARIO
Raw jute crop is an important cash crop to the farmers. Cultivation of raw jute crop provides not only fibre which has industrial use, but jute stick which is used as fuel and building material by the farming community.
RAW JUTE AND MESTA
Minimum Support Price for raw jute and mesta is fixed every year to protect the interest of farmers. While fixing prices of different grades, the issue of discouraging production of lower grade jute and encouraging production of higher grades jute are taken into consideration so as to motivate farmers to produce higher grade jute.